Though biology plays an important role, the way in which sexuality is expressed and acted upon is highly influenced by culture. Sexuality may be experienced and expressed in a variety of ways, including thoughts, fantasies, desires, beliefs, attitudes, values, behaviors, practices, roles, and relationships. Some researchers believe that sexual behavior is determined by genetics; however, others assert that it is largely molded by the environment. Human sexuality impacts, and is impacted by, cultural, political, legal, and philosophical aspects of life, and can interact with issues of morality, ethics, theology, spirituality, or religion.
Social and cultural aspects
Sexuality | Boundless Psychology
Language: English German. Western cultures have witnessed a tremendous cultural and social transformation of sexuality in the years since the sexual revolution. Apart from a few public debates and scandals, the process has moved along gradually and quietly. Yet its real and symbolic effects are probably much more consequential than those generated by the sexual revolution of the sixties. Sigusch refers to the broad-based recoding and reassessment of the sexual sphere during the eighties and nineties as the "neosexual revolution".
On cultural transformations of sexuality and gender in recent decades
Sexual survey: a cross-cultural perspective. Pesquisa sexual: uma perspectiva cultural contrastante. Fernando Luiz Cardoso 1.
The effects of societal value systems on human sexuality are, as has already been mentioned, profound. The American anthropologist George P. Murdock summarized the situation, saying:. All societies have faced the problem of reconciling the need of controlling sex with that of giving it adequate expression, and all have solved it by some combination of cultural taboos, permissions, and injunctions. Prohibitory regulations curb the socially more disruptive forms of sexual competition.